Impeachment Resources

Resources Relating the Impeachment Inquiry

Last updated 12.4.19 (Jump to new additions)

Who are the main people involved in this story?

Donald Trump

President of the United States and whose call to the Ukrainian President on July 25, 2019 initiated the whistle blower complaint and the current impeachment inquiry

Volodymyr Zelensky

President of Ukraine elected in April 2019. Ukraine was invaded by Russia in 2014. Russia has occupied or annexed parts of Ukrainian territory. The US has provided Ukraine with support to resist this invasion.

William Barr

Attorney General of the United States under Donald Trump. The Attorney General is the Chief law enforcement officer of the US. He is not the President's private attorney.

Rudolph Giuliani

Former mayor of New York City and currently the personal lawyer of Donal Trump. Giuliani has no official position within the US government.

Mike Pompeo

The Secretary of State for the United States under Donald Trump

Joe Biden

Former Vice-President of the United States under President Obama. Biden served as the administration's point man on Ukraine after the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Hunter Biden

Joe Biden's son. Hunter Biden took a seat on the board of directors of the Ukrainian natural gas firm Burisma in April, 2014

Victor Shokin

The former prosecutor general of Ukraine

Kurt Volker

The Former US Special Envoy to Ukraine who served during the events of summer 2019. A career diplomat.*

Gordon Sondland

Current US ambassador to the European Union. A political appointee*

Bill Taylor

Current US US chargé d'affaires to Ukraine. A career diplomat.* He testified before the House Intelligence Committee on October 22, 2019.

Marie Yovanovitch

The former US Ambassador to Ukraine from 2016-2019. She was dismissed from her post in May, 2019. In the July 25 phone call between president's Trump and Zelinsky, president Trump referred to her as "bad news." Yovanovitch is a career diplomat*

Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Vindman

A member of the National Security Council under President Trump and a specialist on Ukrainian affairs. He was on the July 25 call between Presidents Trump and Zelinsky. LC Vindman is a decorated Army veteran who served in Iraq and has served both Democratic and Republican presidents in the United Stated foreign service.

Adam Schiff

Adam Schiff is the Democratic Chair of the House Intelligence Committee. This is the committee that has played the lead role in the impeachment inquiry.

*The distinction between career officials and political appointees is made to distinguish between people who are career civil servants, and thus serve during the administrations of many different presidents, and political appointees, who are chosen to serve during the term of a specific president. Political appointees generally only serve in the administration in which they are appointed. This distinction is made across all departments in the federal bureaucracy. For example, scientists working for the Department of the Interior studying fire management are career officials, whereas the Secretary of the Interior is a political appointee.

Primary source documents

C-SPAN Impeach Inquiry Homepage, C-SPAN (added 11.17.19)

C-SPAN is the congressional video sevice. This pages houses all of the videos from the public impeachment inquiry. This is a valuable "everything in one place" resource for video and analysis of the impeachment inquiry.

The US Constitution.

The Constitution establishes the legal basis for impeachment and removal. Relevant sections highlighted. The relevant passages are contained in Article I Section 2, Article I Section 3, Article II Section 4 and Article 3 Section 2.

The Intelligence Community’s Inspector General’s letter to Joseph Maguire (acting Director of National Intelligence) August 26, 2019. From the Politifact website.

This outlines the whistle blower’s complaint and the reasons the IG considered the issue and “urgent concern.”

The whistle blower’s complaint

Remarks by President Trump Upon Air Force One Arrival - Prince George’s County, MD, September 26, 2019

A White House press release of the transcript of remarks made by the President during the week the whistelblower's complaint was released.

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Presidents of the United States and Ukraine, July 25, 2019

This is the phone call between President Trump and Ukrainian President Zelensky that is at the center of the whistle blower complaint.

Office of the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community’s Statement on Processing of Whistle blower Complaints, September 30, 2019

The ICIG made this press release on September 30, 2019 to counter false claims made about the whistle blower and the whistle blower law.

Text messages between US and Ukrainian officials released by the Democratic leadership of the House Intelligence and Foreign Affairs Committees, October 4, 2019, reproduce in and annotated by the New York Times. (added 10.5.19)

A series of text messages exchanged by Bill Taylor (US chargé d'affaires to Ukraine), Gordon Sondland (US ambassador to the EU) and Kurt Volker (US Special Envoy to Ukraine) relating to issues relating to US Ukrainian relations.

White House Letter in Response to Impeachment Inquiry, October 8, 2019 (added 10.8.19)

A letter by Pat A. Cipollone, Counsel to the President, outlining reasons that the Trump administration will refuse to cooperate with the House impeachment inquiry.

In Context: Mick Mulvaney on Quid Pro Quo, Politifact, October 18, 2019 (added 10.23.19)

This is a partial transcript of the October 17, 2019 press conference held by presidential chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, where Mulvaney indicates that aid to Ukraine was held up in part because the President sought Ukrainian assistance in an investigation of a debunked conspiracy theory regarding the 2016 election. This also includes Mulvaney's denial, made several hours later, that he said what was on the original transcript.

Ambassador William Taylor's written statement to the House Intelligence Committee, October 22, 2019 (added 10.22.19)

The written statement provided by Ambassador William Taylor to the House Intelligence Committee on October 22, 2019. The statement provides a chronological description of events surrounding the Ukraine affair beginning in May 2019 and concluding in September 2019. The statement also provides a description of why Ukraine is geostratategically important to the United States and the Security of Europe.

House Impeachment Inquiry Resolution, October 29, 2019 (added 10.29.2019)

The Democratic leadership of the House proposed roadmap and rules for the conduct of the remainder of the impeachment inquiry. To be submitted to the entire House for a vote on 10.31.19.

Opening Statement of Alexander Vindman, October 29, 2019 (added 10.29.19)

This is the opening statement of Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Vindman who testified before the House Intelligence Committee on October 29, 2019.

Full transcript of Ambassador Gordon Sondland's Testimony before the House Intelligence Committee, October 17, 2019 (added 11.5.19)

This transcript was released on November 5, 2019. A news story analyzing its contents can be found here.

Full transcript of Envoy Kurt Volker's Testimony before the House Intelligence Committee, October 3, 2019 (added 11.5.19)

This transcript was released on November 5, 2019. A news story analyzing its contents can be found here

Declaration of Ambassador Sondland, 11.5.19. (added 11.5.19)

A revised statement made by Ambassador Sondland revising his statements made to the House Intelligence committee on October 17. An analysis of this revision can be found here.

Full transcript of Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch's Testimony before the House Intelligence Committee, October 11, 2019 (added 11.5.19)

This transcript was released on November 4, 2019. A news story analyzing its contents can be found here.

Full transcript of William Taylor's testimony before the House Intelligence Committee, October 22, 2019 (added 11.17.19)

This transcript was released on November 5, 2019. A news story analyzing its contents can be found here.

Full video and Anlysis of Day one of the Impeachment Hearing testimony, New York Times, November 14, 2019 (added 11.17.19)

This is the C-SPAN video of day one of the public impeachment hearing help by the House Intelligence Committee. Testifying on this day were William Taylor, US Charge d'Affair to Ukraine, and George Kent, a carreer foreign service officer in the State Department. The full video is incluyded and a NYT newsroom analysis can be founbd to the right of the video.

Full video of Marie Yovanovitch's Testimony in the Impeachment Inquiry Hearing, C-SPAN, November 15, 2019 (added 11.17.19)

This is the C-SPAN video of day two of the public impeachment hearing help by the House Intelligence Committee. Testifying on this day was Marie Yanokovitch, the former US ambssador to Ukraine.

Deposition of David A. Holmes. November 15, 2019 (added 11.19.19)

David Holmes is a carreer diplomat stationed in Ukraine who overheard a phone conversation with President Trump in which the President indicated interest in the Ukrainian government pursuing investigations into the Bidens

The Trump Ukraine Impeachment Inquiry Report, December 3, 2019 (added 12.4.19)

This is the Majority Report of the House Intelligence Committee authored by the Democrats on that committee. A news article describing its contents can be found here.

REPORT OF EVIDENCE IN THE DEMOCRATS’ IMPEACHMENT INQUIRY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, December 2, 2019 (added 12.2.19)

This is the minority report of the House Intelligence Committe authored by the Republicans on that committee. A news article describing the report can be found here.

The Trump Ukraine Impeachment Inquiry Report, December 3, 2019 (added 12.4.19)

This is the Majority Report of the House Intelligence Committee authored by the Democrats on that committee. A news article describing its contents can be found here.

Secondary sources (news stories and analysis)

Impeachment Report Says Trump Solicited Foreign Election Interference, New York Times, December 3, 2019 (added 12.4.19)

A New York Times news story describing the House Intelligence Committee's majority report on its impeachment inquiry.

House GOP Rebuts Democrats' Impeachment Efforts: No 'Bribery, Extortion' Proven, NPR, December 2, 2019 (added 12.4.2019)

An NPR news story describing the House Intelligence Committee's minority report on its impeachment inquiry.

Impeachment witness says Ukraine ‘gradually came to understand’ Trump’s desired investigation was tied to aid, meeting, New York Times, November 18, 2019 (added 11.19.19)

News story on the private deposition of David Holmes a career American diplomat stationed in Ukraine, and an update on the politics surrounding impeachment

Impeachment Hearings Schedule: What's coming up, NPR, November 15, 2019 (added 11.17.19)

A New York Times article detailing the schedule of public and private depositions for week two of the public impeachment hearings.

Recap: First Week of Impeachment Hearings, NPR, November 16, 2019 (added 11.17.19)

Ambassador: Giuliani, Acting In Trump's Interest, Tried To Cast Biden In 'Bad Light', NPR, November 6, 2019 (added 11.17.19)

This is a news story by Dominico Montinaro, the political editor for NPR, anlalyzing the transcripts of William Taylor's testimony before the House Intelligence Committee which were relased on November 5.

Ex-Ambassador To Ukraine Says She Was Told To 'Watch My Back', NPR, November 4, 2019 (added 11.5.2019)

An NPR analysis of the transcript of Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch's testimony to the House Intelligence Committee

With revised statement, Sondland adds to testimony linking aid to Ukraine investigations that Trump sought, Washington Post, November 5, 2019 (added 11.5.2019)

A news story regarding Sondland's revision of his previous testimony.

Ambassador Acknowledges He Said Aid For Ukraine Depended On Public Support For Probes, NPR, November 5, 2019 (added 11.5.2019)

An NPR analysis of the transcripts of Ambassador Sondland and Envoy Volker's testimony to the House Intelligence Committee, NPR, November 5, 2019 (added 11.5.2019)

Account of Trump's Ukraine Call Omitted Key Details, Official Testifies, New York Times, October 29, 2019 (added 10.29.19)

A news story describing the House Intelligence Committee testimony of Alexander Vindman, a National Security council official who was on the July 25 call between Presidents Trump and Zelinsky. It is typical for calls between the President and foreign leaders to be joined by NSC staff who often take notes and help transcribe the calls.

Democrats Move Towards Bringing the Impeachment Inquiry Public, New York Times, October 28, 2019 (added 10.29.19)

A news story that describes the Democrat's decision to take a formal vote on impeachment proceedings and to establish formal rules for the procedure.

U.S. envoy says he was told release of Ukraine aid was contingent on public declaration to investigate Bidens, 2016 election, Washington Post, October 22, 2019 (added 10.22.19)

A news story on Ambassador William Taylor's testimony before the House Intelligence Committee on October 22, 2019.

Ousted ambassador Marie Yovanovitch tells Congress Trump pressured State Dept. to remove her, Washington Post, October 11, 2019 (added 10.14.19).

A news story about Marie Yovanovitch's testimony before the House Intelligence Committee on Friday, October 11, 2019.

Who Is Former U.S. Ambassador To Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch? Steve Inskeep, NPR, October 11, 2019 (added on 10.11.19).

An audio story on former Us Ambassador Maria Yovanovitch who was dismissed from her post last May By the Trump administration. Yovanovitch is set to testify before the House Intelligence committee on October 11, 2019. Steve Inskeep is a host of NPR's Morning Edition.

White House accuses Democrats of Trying to Overturn 2016 Election(audio story), NPR, October 10, 2019 (added 10.10.19)

NPR Morning Edition host Steve Inskeep speaks with Former George W. Bush Deputy White House Council Tim Flanigan about reasons for the White House's resistance to the impeachment inquiry. Whereas the previous two articles from the Washington Post and NPR explain why the White House resistance lacks legal merit, Flanigan defends the President's efforts.

Trump’s broad claims of executive immunity lead to criticism he is acting above the law , Toluse Olorunnipa and Ann E. Marimow, The Washington Post, October 9, 2109 (added 10.9.19).

An article in the Washington Post By the the paper's legal affairs and White House correspondents. The article examines and assesses the legal claims made in the President's refusal to cooperate with the House impeachment inquiry.

Fact Check: White House Legal Argument Against Impeachment Inquiry, Brian Naylor, NPR, October 9, 2019 (added 10.9.19).

This story interviews a number of legal scholars regarding the validity of the President's legal argument rejecting the impeachment inquiry. Brian Naylor is an NPR Washington DC correspondent.

White House Declares War on Impeachment Inquiry, Alleging Effort to Undo Trump’s Election, by Nicholas Fandos, Peter Baker and Michael S. Schmidt, New York Times, October 8, 2019 (added 10.8.19)

New York times story describing a letter sent to the Democratic leadership in Congress stating that the Trump administration would not comply with the impeachment inquiry, stating that it was "unconstitutional." For what the Constitution says about impeachment, see the highlighted parts of Articles I and II of the US Constitution.

Trump Denies Quid Pro Quo for Ukraine, but Envoys Had Their Doubts, Peter Baker, New York Times, October 4, 2019 (added 10.4.19)

An Article in the New York Times by Peter Baker, the Times' Chief White House correspondent. This article describes recently released text messages and the congressional testimony of Kurt Volker, former US special Envoy to Ukraine, that indicate American how career diplomats worried that the Trump administration was conditioning improved relations between the US and Ukraine on Ukraine's willingness to cooperate on matters relating to President Trump's requests made to President Zelensky during the July 25 telephone call.

'Atlantic': Prominent Americans Shouldn't Leverage Their Names For Payoffs, NPR, 10.3.19 (added 10.3.19)

An interview with Sarah Chayes critical of Hunter Biden's profiting off of the Biden name by taking a seat on the board of Burisma, the Ukrainian gas company. Chayes indicates that, while this practice is legal and quite common, is is a deeply problematic practice. Chayes is careful to distinguish between her criticism and the debunked accusations that the Joe Biden used his office as the Vice President to protect his son. Chayes is a former fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for Peace, a former advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff and a former reporter for NPR. The book referenced in this piece is titled Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens National Security

Lawfare Podcast on Ukraine (added 10.3.19)

This is an excellent background piece on Ukrainian politics and recent history. Probably one of the most useful resources I have found to put the events surrounding the impeachment inquiry into a Ukrainian context. Alina Polyakova is the Director of the Project on Global Democracy and Emerging Technology at the Brookings Institution.

What Trump and Zelensky said in their July 25 phone call, Jeanine Santucci, USA Today, September 25, 2019

This is a concise article summarizing the basic facts of the Ukraine call situations as of September 25, 2019. This is a good article to start with, but it offers little depth.

How to understand the Whistle blower Complaint, David Kris, Lawfare, September 27, 2019

This is a very long but useful article. It describes a chronology of events that led to the current situation an analysis of the facts of the situation and a road map of what likely will happen in the future (in terms of the impeachment process). The author is an attorney who served in the Department of Justice under both Republican and Democratic administrations.

Time line: Trump, Giuliani, Biden and Ukraingate (updated), Viola Gienger and Ryan Goodman, Just Security, September 24, 2019.

This is a story provides a comprehensive time line of events relating to the current situation including the actions of Hunter and Joe Biden, President Trump and Rudolph Giuliani. Gienger is a journalist and an expert on east European affairs. Goodman is the Editor in Chief of Just Security and is a professor of Law at New York University.

Trump and Giuliani’s Quest for Fake Ukraine “Dirt” on Biden: an Explainer, Viola Gienger, Just Security, September 10, 2019

This story explores the merits of the allegations made by the President against Joe Biden and his son Hunter.