ToK 12

Week of October 23

Date Agenda Homework
  • Journal: Small group - 1) To what extent is IK scientific? 2) What contributions has IK made to modern science?
  • Whole Group:1) Are IK and western science compatible? 2) What are the basic assumptions made by IK? By western science? 3) Can IK survive integration with Western science? 4) Do these articles provide an effective framework for understanding IK? 5) How do these article relate to the PE topic

Week of October 16

Date Agenda Homework
  • Lecture/Discussion - What are indigenous people? What is indigienous knowledge?
  • On a separate sheet of paper, make a page sized T chart. Label the left side "Modern Western education." Thinking as an anthropologist studying the culture of the education, with your group, brainstorm as many characteristics of the modern educational system as you can. Think about issues like methodology, assessment, learning environment, values systems, etc..
  • Then label the right side of the t-chart "Indigenous education." In your groups brainstorm as many characteristics of indigenous education as you can from the article. To the extent possible, try to come up with corresponding entries on the right for each entry on the left.
  • At the bottom of the T chart assess what you consider to be the relative strengths and weaknesses of each system
  • Discussion of Indigenous v. Western educational models (time allowing)
Read and annotate "Traditional Knowledge is Science" - Tuesday, October 24
  • Brainstorm/Discuss contrasts in indigenous v. Western education
  • Journal: Thinking about the differences between Western v. indigenous eduation, describe the values that underlie each system. By values I mean what each system claims to value in education.
  • Discussion - To what extent do we succeed in fulfilling our values in the modern school system. Where are we successful and where do we fall short?
Read and annotate "Traditional Knowledge is Science" - Tuesday, October 24

Week of October 9

Date Agenda Homework
  • Journal: Review your video notes. Highlight the most significant characteristics of Modern Western knowledge and IK from the video. Be prepared to share
  • MoMA Field Trip - Monday, October 30
  • Discuss /debrief 1000 suns
  • Lecture/Discussion - What is IK?
  • Journal: Think about the video and these two questions:
    • In what ways does being closer to the land contribute to the Gamo culture? In the first three minutes of the film, an Ethiopian elder said, "I can't see any land or fields. There is nothing. These people just live on concrete surfaces." How might his observation, and perplexity, be an insight into the modern world's connection with nature and the land we live on? Is there a place in the modern world for believing that the earth is sacred?
    • Critics of the Green Revolution in Africa feel that economic development models are being imposed and indigenous peoples are forced to assimilate unsustainable Western consumerist paradigms of development, disrupting 10,000 year old traditions of land use. Do you agree? Why or why not? If yes, what do you see as alternatives?

Given the obvious differences in world view, values and relationship with the natural world, is it possible that modern western knowledge systems (AoKs, especially NatSci) can coexist fruitfully? Explain your answer and be prepared to discuss.

  • Lecture/discussion - What is indigenous knowledge?
  • Discussion - Coexistence?
Read and annotate Indigenous education article

Week of

Date Agenda Homework
  • “The quality of knowledge produced by an academic discipline is directly proportional to the duration of historical development of that discipline.” Explore this claim with reference to two disciplines.
  • In small groups, brainstorm examples and approaches to the PT from within the natural sciences. What articles, sources, and (other) class examples can you come up with? be prepared to share your ideas with the class.

Week of September 25

Date Agenda Homework
  • Journal: According to Popper, how do the natural sciences work?
  • Lecture/Discussion - 3 views of scientific progress (pt. 1): Whig science and Karl Popper
  • Reading time - Kuhn article
Read and annotate Kuhn Article - Thursday
  • Journal: What reading have we done this year that reflects Kuhn's ideas, but does so outside of the natural sciences? Can you find a Kuhnian quote from this document?
  • Lecture/Discussion - 3 views of scientific progress (pt. 2): Thomas Kuhn: normal and revolutionary science

Week of September 18

Date Agenda Homework
  • Lecture/Discussion - The observer effect
  • Reading time - Replication Crisis
Read and annotate replication crisis article
  • Small Group Discussion - A close reading of the replication crisis article
Read and annotate Kuhn excerpts - Tuesday, September 26

Week of September 11

Date Agenda Homework
  • Journal (in small groups)- 1) What role does mathematics play in the generation of scientific knowledge? 2) What is the central argument of the author? 3) What correctives are suggested by the author? 4) What KQ2 are suggested by this article?
  • Lecture/Discussion - Challenges of science, pt. 2: the relationship between math and scientific certainty
Read and annotate the Confirmation bias article - Thursday
  • Journal - Answer the following questions regarding NPR story on NIH funding NPR story:
    • What is the main point of this story?
    • How is this story related to the article you annotated for today's class?
    • What knowledge questions do these two stories raise regarding the natural sciences?
  • Lecture/Discussion - Lecture/discussion - problems of science: Confirmation bias and scientific ethics
Read and annotate bear drone article - Tuesday

Week of September 4

Date Agenda Homework
Tuesday Which title do you wish to write on for the fall PE? Vote here!
  • Selection of first PT. We will do this at the beginning of class - no poll.
  • Small group brainstorm - approaches, resources and AoK progression
  • Return Bayesian article
  • Whole group unpacking and brainstorm of chosen topic

Fall PE

Drafts Due - December 1

Returned by Mr. Haydock - December 7

Final Drafts - December 14 (must be delivered to Mr. Haydock by 10:30 AM)

Week of August 28

Date Agenda Homework
Tuesday Read and annotate Bayesian Statistics article - Thursday
  • Lecture/Discussion - Review Climate Dice article
  • Discussion of KQ progressions and what makes for productive KQ progressions
  • Groups choose the best KQ progression and write a new KQ progression given our discussion today
  • KQs, presentations and papers

Week of August 21

Date Agenda Homework
  • Lecture/Discussion - Science as process
  • Read the pseudo science articles and answer the questions from the presentation in small groups.
  • Brainstorm/Discussion - What makes something pseudo science?
Read and take notes on the on line article, "Truth or Denial" - Read through section two and then explore the rest of the site. This article was produced by the film production company that produced the 2016 movie Denial.
  • Journal - In small groups: 1)Based on the article, write a KC, KQ1 and KQ2 progression 2) What is Denial and what are its causes? 3) What examples of denial are mentioned in the article? Can you think of outside of those mentioned in the article? 4) How should the scientific community combat denial?
  • Whole group discussion.
Read an annotate the NASA climate change article - Focus on ATiP1-2,6 and what makes this study scientific - be prepared to cite examples

Week of August 14

Date Agenda Homework
Tuesday Read and Annotate Pigliucci and Boudry - Thursday
  • In your small groups, using the Pigluicci and Boudry article identify 2 each of the following:
    • Subjects
    • Knowledge claims
    • KQ1
    • KQ2
  • Lecture/Discussion - Introduction to Natural Science: The problem of demarcation (and pseudo Science)
Read and annotate SEP/Popper Excerpts- Tuesday August 23

Week of August 7

Date Agenda Homework
  • We will meet in A 211 during the first week. If we are still too big to fit in a standard classroom, we will move to D210 in the week of August 15
  • Welcome/changes/syllabus/groups
  • Lecture/Discussion: ToK - Why?, or, ToK - Now more than ever!
Read and annotate Gavin Article - Thursday